An herb entry from the Ancient Herbs and Modern Herbs book by James K. Sayre, Copyright, 2001. All rights reserved.


Wolf Lichen - Letharia vuplina - family: Lichenes (Lichen Family).

Lichens are combinations of an alga and a fungus. This lichen is a bright greenish-yellow in color and grows to only a few inches long. It is shrublike (fruticose) in character with small stems and branches. It is typically found growing on conifers. Traditional use in Scandinavia and Europe as a wolf poison [Turner, Szczawinski][Gadd]. Note: it is quite poisonous due to its content of vulpinic acid: do not ingest. It yields a yellow-green dye. Traditional northwestern Native American use of this lichen to dye clothing and decorations. Native to Europe and northwestern North America.



Questions? Comments? Suggestions? Please feel free to Email the author at sayresayre@yahoo;com.

This web page was recently created by James Sayre.

Contact author James K. Sayre at Author's Email:

Copyright 2003 by Bottlebrush Press. All Rights Reserved.

Web page last updated on 25 May 2003.