An herb entry from the Ancient Herbs and Modern Herbs book by James K. Sayre, Copyright, 2001. All rights reserved.
Wolf Lichen - Letharia vuplina - family: Lichenes (Lichen Family).
Lichens are combinations of an alga and a fungus. This lichen is a bright
greenish-yellow in color and grows to only a few inches long. It is shrublike
(fruticose) in character with small stems and branches. It is typically
found growing on conifers. Traditional use in Scandinavia and Europe as
a wolf poison [Turner, Szczawinski][Gadd]. Note: it is quite poisonous due
to its content of vulpinic acid: do not ingest. It yields a yellow-green
dye. Traditional northwestern Native American use of this lichen to dye
clothing and decorations. Native to Europe and northwestern North America.
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Web page last updated on 25 May 2003.